2015 - Domb et al. Multicenter Outcomes of Endoscopic Pubic Symphysectomy for Osteitis Pubis Associated with Femoroacetabular Impingement. Arthroscopy
Dean K. Matsuda, M.D., Manel Ribas, M.D., Nicole A. Matsuda, and Benjamin G. Domb, M.D.
Purpose: To investigate outcomes of athletic patients treated with concurrent femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and osteitis pubis (OP) surgery including endoscopic pubic symphysectomy.
Methods: We performed a multicenter retrospective case series of 7 consecutive adult patients (4 men) with a mean age of 33 years with symptomatic FAI and OP who underwent arthroscopic surgery for the former and endoscopic pubic symphysectomy for the latter with a mean follow-up period of 2.9 years (range, 2.0 to 5.0 years). The visual analog scale (VAS) score, the Non-Arthritic Hip Score (NAHS), and patient satisfaction were measured. Complications and revision surgical procedures were reported, and preoperative and postoperative radiographs were assessed.
Results: The mean preoperative VAS score of 6.7 (range, 4 to 8) improved to a mean postoperative VAS score of 1.5 (range, 0 to 7) (P ¼ .03). The mean preoperative NAHS of 50.2 points (range, 21 to 78 points) improved to a mean postoperative NAHS of 84.7 points (range, 41 to 99 points) (P ¼ .03). The mean patient satisfaction rating was 8.3 (range, 3 to 10). Two male patients had postoperative scrotal swelling that resolved spontaneously. There were no other complications. Preoperative and postoperative radiographs showed no anterior or posterior pelvic ring instability. One patient underwent pubic symphyseal arthrodesis because of continued pain.
Conclusion: Endoscopic pubic symphysectomy is a minimally invasive treatment for athletic OP with encouraging early outcomes that may be performed concurrently with surgery for FAI in co-afflicted patients.
Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic case series.